Bio fuel cell te chnology
4/2017 eFOOD-Lab international 9
The high reliability of fuel cells makes them an attractive power generation
technology for businesses that customers rely on. By producing
power on-site, fuel cells ensure continuity of power generation, allowing
a grocery store to remain open to shoppers when grid power loss
has closed down other businesses. This helps protect refrigerated and
frozen foods from spoilage and waste and eliminates the need to send
out a backup generator to power critical loads, store fresh items in a
refrigerated truck, or to pack goods in dry ice to preserve them.
There are several real-world examples to point to. During superstorm
Sandy (October 2012), fuel cell systems kept grocery stores in Colonie,
New York and Middletown, Connecticut, up and running, supporting
critical operations for 5-6 days when grid power was completely down.
Another fuel cell provided a Torrington, Connecticut, based grocer with
power, heat and cooling when grid power was intermittent due to the
storm. In 2011, a San Diego, California, grocery store equipped with a
fuel cell was one of the few businesses operating during a grid blackout.
Besides these impressive capabilities, fuel cells emit almost no pollutants,
allowing them to be exempted from air permitting requirements.
Other than an initial injection of water into the system, fuel cells
also consume no water during operation, saving on water costs.
Other food businesses are using fuel cells to lower emissions. Global
cold storage provider for the fish and agricultural industries, Americold,
operates a 600-kW fuel cell system at its Salinas, California, warehouse to
lower its electricity costs and cut greenhouse gas emissions. The fuel cell
supplies 5.4 million kilowatt hours of clean and reliable power annually.
Fuel cells are proving themselves to have applications in various sectors of
the food industry. The benefits are exceeding expectations, with several
companies making installations at multiple sites and some utilising fuel
cells to power facilities as well as forklifts at their distribution centres.
Power station of the future for electric supply of the Food production
and Transport with hydrogen gas, fuel cells and batteries
The Bonn Climate Project combines renewable energy and sectoral coupling
Projects also for the food sector. German solar and renewable energy
off grid Technologies are based on low and zero Carbon gases; bio hydrogen
gas and bio methane gas from local and natural resources in combination
with gas Motors and gas fuel cells for universal use in households,
for Transport/mobility and for industrial use include the Food sector as a
feedstock. Renewable energies throughout the world are off grid using four
elements: fire, water, air and earth.
Green electric power and green Hydrogen can be manufactured suitably
and everywhere and can be used in combination for power, heat,
all types of transport and mobility; residential use and industry (as a
raw material or feestock) and even for drinking water production.
Decentralized, as well as in existing supply networks such as gas, and electricity
and heat, by feeding green hydrogen and/or green electricity into the different
grids. Also by additional heat which is produced as a by-product in fuel
cells during electricity production, and which can be fed into a heating grid.
The use of valuable water which is produced instantly and is in addition
in fuel cells by the chemical reaction of hydrogen and oxygen is a valuable
asset in many dry regions of the world: green hydrogen and green electricity
from the four elements.
The urban power station of the Futur: Coupling of all sectors to one System
- poduction, transportation, storage and utilization; off grid and all
over the world.
Climate protection and urban transportation
The future lies in hydrogen, fuels cells and batteries for electric mobility
on the road, on rails, in the air, and on the water. Climate change comes
more and more swift, stronger, and threatening. In order to meet the
Paris climate treaty we need new urban transport solutions.
Electric engines in any vehicle are powered by electricity from batteries
or fuel cells, produced by conversion of clean and environmental-friendly
hydrogen (and oxygen from the air) in fuel cells, directly on board of a
vehicle. After approximately 500km and more, the hydrogen tank is filled
up at a hydrogen filling station, and the journey can be continued. These
are considerable advantages over the charging time of battery-electric vehicles
(cars, trucks, buses, trains, boats, ships, or aircraft)
Even batteries can be charged at home or at charging stations in
the city within hours. Both electric transportion solutions have their
markets and will help to avoid air pollution by CO2.
In the years to come, we swiftly need to set-up the course for the introduction
and market launch of different electric vehicles, and as the pre-requisite,
the infrastructure in form of hydrogen filling stations for clean and
affordable hydrogen gas, or electric charger stations, all over the world.
Power to Gas & Power to X for centralized and decentralized use and production of hydrogen and synthetic fuels (Forschungszentrum